Tuesday Newspapers: Restriction Targets, Fewer Babies, Trade Changes | News
Some experts believe the new restrictions imposed by the government could cut coronavirus infections in half.
Director of the Ministry of Social Affairs and Health Pasi pohjola told HS that no specific official target has been set.
“The desire and the goal must be to see a marked improvement. Perhaps the rule of thumb is to reduce the number of cases at least by half. In other words, if there have been four thousand cases per week now it would be around two thousand or even less, ”Pohjola said.
The document points out that in addition to the number of infections, the impact of the measures will be assessed by other familiar metrics, such as the number of cases per 100,000 people over a two-week period, the percentage of test results positive and changes in the need for hospitalizations and intensive care.
However, the effects of the new restrictions will be seen most quickly in the decline in the number of cases. These results can be expected within two weeks.
The effects show up more slowly in hospital and intensive care figures because on average, people in need of such care end up in the hospital about a week after symptoms appear.
Kari auranen, professor of statistics at the University of Turku, says the impact of the new restrictions will depend on how people react and watch them.
“The end of November, beginning of December saw a marked reversal in the growth of the epidemic, and this was likely the result of restrictions and public awareness. The question now is the same. how fast, “Auranen told Helsingin Sanomat.
Cheaper private tests
Currently, testing for the coronavirus in the public health system is free and available if a person is showing symptoms or is suspected of having been exposed. Test results usually arrive within a day to 3 to 4 days, depending on the hospital district.
Screening by a private health service can cost more than 300 euros. The Finnish Travel Industry Association says a most commonly used PCR test will now be available for € 99 to anyone booking travel through one of its member travel operators. A rapid antigen test is 29 euros.
The president of the association’s board of directors, Anne-Marjut Väänänen told the newspaper that these awards include an English certificate. The results of the PCR tests will be available within ten hours and the results of the antigen tests within a maximum of half an hour.
“Finland is one of the most expensive countries in Europe and the most expensive in the Nordic region in terms of the price of coronavirus tests. People cannot afford to pay for expensive tests,” says Väänänen.
The association has contracted the services of PR2You Oy, a private company in Helsinki which has test points in the capital region, Turku, the Tampere region and the Seinäjoki – Vaasa region. Testing services are due to be opened in other parts of the country this month.
The member companies of the Finnish Travel Industry Association include travel agencies, tour operators and airlines, shipping and road companies.
Uncertainty = fewer babies
Women between the ages of 18 and 45 were found to be particularly concerned about the future, with 86% worrying both about their own livelihoods and the future in general.
The article reports that Economist Eva Sanna kurronen notes clear differences of opinion between women and men on ways to increase the birth rate.
“Women put more emphasis on the importance of flexible working hours for parents of young children than men, as well as on increasing home help and reforming family leave. Reconciling work and family must always be facilitated, ”Kurronen said.
Up to 88% of Finns see flexible working hours as an effective way to increase the birth rate. The study also notes that reducing unemployment may be the best measure. Unemployment appears to have the effect of reducing both reproductive intentions and birth rates, according to fertility studies.
Collapse of trade with Russia
The daily economic and commercial Kauppalehti writes (siirryt toiseen palveluun) that the latest trade statistics for Finland and Russia make reading grim. According to preliminary data from Statistics Finland, the value of exports of goods and services to Russia last year was 3.5 billion euros, down 20% from 2019 levels.
Heli simola, a senior economist at the Bank of Finland’s Institute of Economics, says that in 2008 the value of exports was almost three times as high – 9.4 billion euros.
“The change is statistically dramatic. In 2008, Russia was Finland’s largest export market, but currently it is only ranked seventh,” said Simola.
On the other hand, Simola pointed out that these numbers don’t tell the whole story. In 2008, up to 39% of Finnish exports to Russia were in transit, consisting mainly of cars and mobile phones.
Perhaps a more realistic picture of the real development of exports can be obtained by comparing the current figures with the situation in 2011-2013. Since then, exports to Russia have halved.
The coronavirus outbreak also brought tourism from Russia to Finland almost completely a year ago, and this is reflected in the value of services exports, which fell by more than 40% last year. .
In addition, the development of Russia’s own economy has had a huge impact.
“Compared to 2008, the ruble has lost about 60% of its value against the euro. Naturally, such a decline has had a negative effect on the opportunities for Finnish companies to export to our eastern neighbor,” adds Simola. .